Last Updated: 10 March 2022
Before getting into the list of Female Chief Ministers in India, Let us have a quick intro about Chief Ministers in India.
The Chief Minister is the chief executive of Indian states. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state’s de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the Chief Minister.
Eligibility For Becoming A Chief Minister
The Constitution of India sets the Principal Qualifications one must meet to be eligible to the office of the Chief Minister. A Chief Minister must be:
- A Citizen of India
- He/She should be a Member of the State Legislature
- He/She should be of 25 years of age or more
Procedure For Electing A Chief Minister
- Following elections to the Legislative Assembly, the State’s Governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the Government.
- This is procedurally established by the Vote of Confidence in the Legislative Assembly, as suggested by the Governor of the state who is the appointing authority.
- The governor appoints the Chief Minister, whose council of ministers is collectively responsible to the assembly.
- He/She must have the confidence of the Assembly.
- The Chief Minister’s term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.
Facts About Chief Ministers In India
- Pawan Kumar Chamling, former Chief Minister of Sikkim is the longest-serving Chief Minister of India for a term length of 24 Years 165 Days ( 12 Dec 1994 – 26 May 2019)
- Sheila Dikshit, former Chief Minister of Delhi is the longest-serving female Chief Minister of India for a term length of 15 Years 25 Days (3 Dec 1998 – 28 Dec 2013)
- V. N. Janaki Ramachandran, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu is the shortest-serving female Chief Minister of India for a term length of 23 Days (7 Jan 1988 – 30 Jan 1988)
- As of 2019, the highest salary is drawn by chief ministers of Telangana, which is ₹410,000 (US$5,400) and lowest by the chief ministers of Tripura which is ₹105,500 (US$1,400) legally.
- Various states in India throughout the history have appointed Deputy Chief Ministers. Despite being not mentioned in the constitution or law, the Deputy-Chief Minister office is often used to pacify factions within the party or coalition.
Indian Women have broken gender barriers and worked hard in the field of Science, Art, Law, Cinema, Politics, etc to achieve success and become champions. Read the list of Female Chief Ministers In India.
Female Chief Ministers In India
|No.||Chief Minister||State/UT||Term In||Term Out||Total Term|
|Assam||06 Dec 1980||30 Jun|
|Bihar||25 July 1997||11 Feb|
|Bihar||09 Mar 1999||02 Mar|
|Bihar||11 Mar 2000||06 Mar|
|Delhi||12 Oct 1998||03 Dec|
|Delhi||03 Dec 1998||28 Dec|
|Goa||12 Aug 1973||27 Apr|
|Gujarat||22 May 2014||07 Aug|
|04 Apr 2016||20 Jun|
|Madhya Pradesh||08 Dec 2003||23 Aug|
|Odisha||14 Jun 1972||03 Mar|
|Odisha||06 Mar 1974||16 Dec|
|10||Rajinder Kaur Bhattal|
|Punjab||21 Nov 1996||12 Feb|
|Rajasthan||08 Dec 2003||11 Dec|
|Rajasthan||08 Dec 2013||16 Dec|
|12||V. N. Janaki Ramachandran|
|Tamil Nadu||07 Jan 1988||30 Jan|
|Tamil Nadu||24 Jun 1991||12 May|
|Tamil Nadu||14 May 2001||21 Sep|
|Tamil Nadu||02 Mar 2002||12 May|
|Tamil Nadu||16 May 2011||27 Sep|
|Tamil Nadu||23 May 2015||05 Dec|
|Uttar Pradesh||02 Oct 1963||13 Mar|
|Uttar Pradesh||13 Jun 1995||18 Oct|
|Uttar Pradesh||21 Mar 1997||21 Sep|
|Uttar Pradesh||03 May 2002||29 Aug|
|Uttar Pradesh||13 May 2007||15 Mar|
|West Bengal||20 May 2011||Incumbent||~|
1) INC: Indian National Congress
2) RJD: Rashtriya Janata Dal
3) MGP: Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party
4) BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party
5) PDP: Peoples Democratic Party
6) AIADMK: All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
7) BSP: Bahujan Samaj Party
8) AITC: All India Trinamool Congress