List Of All Presidents Of India From 1950 To 2022

Presidents Of India

Last Updated: 24 January 2022

Before we get into the list of All Presidents of India, let us have a quick intro about the President of India.

The President of India (IAST: Bhārat ke Rāṣṭrapati), officially the President of the Republic of India, is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

Mr. Ram Nath Kovind is the 14th and current President of the Republic of India who belongs to the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is serving as the President since 25 July 2017.

The Office of President was created when India became a republic on 26 January 1950, when its constitution came into force. The President is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising both houses of the Parliament of India and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.

Eligibility


Article 58 of the constitution sets the principal qualifications one must meet to be eligible for the office of the President. A President must be:

  • A citizen of India
  • Must be 35 years of age or above
  • Must be qualified to become a member of the Lok Sabha

A person shall not be eligible for election as President if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments.

Certain office-holders, however, are permitted to stand as Presidential candidates. These are:

  • The current Vice-President
  • The Governor of any state
  • A Minister of the Union or of any state (including Prime Minister and Chief Ministers)

In the event that the Vice-President, a State Governor, or a Minister is elected President, they are considered to have vacated their previous office on the date they begin serving as President.

List Of All Presidents Of India


No.PresidentTerm InTerm OutTotal TermParty
1Rajendra Prasad26 Jan
1950
13 May
1962
12 Years
107 Days
INC
2Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan13 May
1962
13 May
1967
5 Years
0 Days
IND
3Zakir Husain13 May
1967
3 May
1969
1 Year
355 Days
IND
~V. V. Giri03 May
1969
20 July
1969
78 Days~
~Mohammad Hidayatullah20 July
1969
24 Aug
1969
35 Days~
4V. V. Giri24 Aug
1969
24 Aug
1974
5 Years
0 Days
IND
5Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed24 Aug
1974
11 Feb
1977
2 Years
171 Days
INC
~B. D. Jatti11 Feb
1977
25 July
1977
164 Days~
6Neelam Sanjiva Reddy25 July
1977
25 July
1982
5 Years
0 Days
JP
7Zail Singh25 July
1982
25 July
1987
5 Years
0 Days
INC
8Ramaswamy Venkataraman25 July
1987
25 July
1992
5 Years
0 Days
INC
9Shankar Dayal Sharma25 July
1992
25 July
1997
5 Years
0 Days
INC
10K. R. Narayanan25 July
1997
25 July
2002
5 Years
0 Day
INC
11A. P. J. Abdul Kalam25 July
2002
25 July
2007
5 Years
0 Days
IND
12Pratibha Patil25 July
2007
25 July
2012
5 Years
0 Days
INC
13Pranab Mukherjee25 July
2012
25 July
2017
5 Years
0 Days
INC
14Ram Nath Kovind25 July
2017
Incumbent~BJP
Acronyms
1) INC: Indian National Congress
2) IND: Independent
3) JP: Janata Party
4) BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party

Facts About President Of India


  • The residence of the President of India:
    • Primary: Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, Delhi, India
    • Summer: The Retreat Building, Chharabra, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
    • Winter: Rashtrapati Nilayam, Bolarum, Secunderabad, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
  • The salary of the President of India is ₹500,000 (US$6,600) (per month) and ₹6,000,000 (US$80,000) (annually).
  • Under the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952, a candidate to be nominated for the office of President needs 50 electors as proposers and 50 electors as seconders for his name to appear on the ballot.
  • A money bill can be introduced in the parliament only with the President’s recommendation.
  • The President can declare war or conclude peace, on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.
  • The President is responsible for making a wide variety of appointments. These include:
    • The Chief Justice and other Judges of the Supreme Court of India and State/Union Territory High Courts.
    • The Chief Minister of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (Article 239 AA 5 of the constitution).
    • The Comptroller and Auditor General.
    • The Chief Election Commissioner and other Election Commissioners.
    • The Chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission.
    • The Attorney General.
    • Ambassadors and High Commissioners to other countries (only through the list of names given by the prime minister).
    • Officers of the All India Services (IAS, IPS, and IFoS), and other Central Civil Services in Group ‘A’.
  • Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the President can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the President are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the help of the Council of Ministers.
  • All important treaties and contracts are made in the President’s name.
  • As mentioned in Article 72 of the Indian constitution, the President is empowered with the powers to grant pardons in the following situations:
    1. Punishment is for an offence against Union law.
    2. Punishment is by a Military Court.
    3. A sentence that is of death.
  • The President of India can declare three types of Emergencies: National, State, and Financial, under articles 352, 356 & 360 in addition to promulgating ordinances under article 123.
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