List Of All Nobel Prize Winners In Chemistry (2021 Updated)

Nobel Prize In Chemistry

Last Updated: 14 October 2021

Did you know that Nobel Prize Award name was taken from Alfred Nobel’s Surname? Yes, you heard it right! Before we get into the list of Nobel Prize in Chemistry, let’s have a quick intro about this Award.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded every year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel who died in 1896, awarded for outstanding contributions in Chemistry. As dictated by Alfred Nobel’s will, the award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

The Award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. Each recipient receives a Gold Medal, a Diploma bearing Citation, and a Monetary Award Prize that has varied throughout the years.

Nobel Prize Laureates In Chemistry By Nationality


No.#CountryLaureates
1 United States78
2 Germany34
3 United Kingdom34
4 France10
5 Japan8
6  Switzerland7
7 Israel6
8 Canada5
9 Sweden5
10 Netherlands4
11 Hungary3
12 Austria2
13 New Zealand2
14 Norway2
15 Poland2
16 Argentina1
17 Australia1
18 Belgium1
19 Czech Republic1
20 Denmark1
21 Egypt1
22 Finland1
23 India1
24 Italy1
25 Mexico1
26 Romania1
27 Russia1
28 Turkey1
29 Taiwan1

Interesting Facts About Nobel Prize Winners In Physics


  • The Nobel Prize Medals in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, And Physiology or Medicine are identical on the face. It shows the image of Alfred Nobel and the years of his birth and death (1833-1896).
  • The first Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 1901 to “Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff”, of the Netherlands who received 150,782 SEK (Approx 17,000 USD in October 2021).
  • 25 laureates have received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their contributions in the field of Organic Chemistry, more than any other field of Chemistry.
  • Two Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry, Germans Richard Kuhn (1938) and Adolf Butenandt (1939) were not allowed by their government to accept the prize but later accepted it.
  • Nobel Prize in Chemistry was given to only one person from 1901 to 1911, In 1912 the award was given to two persons and in 1946 the award was given to three persons for the first time.
  • Frederick Sanger is one out of two laureates to be awarded the Nobel prize twice in Chemistry in 1958 and 1980 while John Bardeen is the other and was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1956 and 1972.
  • Maria Skłodowska-Curie has also won two Nobel Prizes, for physics in 1903 and chemistry in 1911.
  • Nobel Prize Award in Chemistry has been awarded to 187 Individuals between 1901 to 2021 (120 Years).
  • Seven women have won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Maria Skłodowska-Curie (1911), Irène Joliot-Curie (1935), Dorothy Hodgkin (1964), Ada Yonath (2009), Frances Arnold (2018), Emmanuelle Charpentier (2020), and Jennifer Doudna (2020).
  • Nobel Prize in Chemistry was not awarded for a total of eight years (1916, 1917, 1919, 1924, 1933, 1940, 1941, 1942).

Here is the list of Nobel Prize Winners In Chemistry from 1901 to 2021.

Nobel Prize Winners (2020-2029)


2021


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Benjamin ListGermanyDevelopment of asymmetric organocatalysis
2David W.C. MacMillanUnited KingdomDevelopment of asymmetric organocatalysis

2020


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Emmanuelle CharpentierFranceDevelopment of a method for genome editing
2Jennifer DoudnaUnited StatesDevelopment of a method for genome editing

Related: List Of All Nobel Prize Winners In Physics (2021 Updated)


Nobel Prize Winners (2010-2019)


2019


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1John B. GoodenoughUnited StatesDevelopment of lithium-ion batteries
2M. Stanley WhittinghamUnited Kingdom
+
United States
Development of lithium-ion batteries
3Akira YoshinoJapanDevelopment of lithium-ion batteries

2018


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Frances ArnoldUnited StatesDirected evolution of enzymes
2George SmithUnited StatesPhage display of peptides and antibodies
3Sir Gregory WinterUnited KingdomPhage display of peptides and antibodies

2017


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Jacques DubochetSwitzerlandDeveloping cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
2Joachim FrankGermany
+
United States
Developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution
3Richard HendersonUnited KingdomDeveloping cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution

2016


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Jean-Pierre SauvageFranceDesign and synthesis of molecular machines
2Fraser StoddartUnited Kingdom
+
United States
Design and synthesis of molecular machines
3Ben FeringaNetherlandsDesign and synthesis of molecular machines

2015


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Tomas LindahlSweden
+
United Kingdom
Mechanistic studies of DNA repair
2Paul L. ModrichUnited StatesMechanistic studies of DNA repair
3Aziz SancarUnited States
+
Turkey
Mechanistic studies of DNA repair

2014


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Eric BetzigUnited StatesDevelopment of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
2Stefan W. HellGermany
+
Romania
Development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy
3William E. MoernerUnited StatesDevelopment of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy

2013


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Martin KarplusUnited States
+
Austria
Development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
2Michael LevittUnited States
+
United Kingdom
+
Israel
Development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems
3Arieh WarshelUnited States
+
Israel
Development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems

2012


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Robert LefkowitzUnited StatesStudies of G-protein-coupled receptors
2Brian KobilkaUnited StatesStudies of G-protein-coupled receptors

2011


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Dan ShechtmanIsrael
+
United States
Discovery of quasicrystals

2010


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Richard F. HeckUnited StatesPalladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis
2Ei-ichi NegishiJapanPalladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis
3Akira SuzukiJapanPalladium-catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis

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Nobel Prize Winners (2000-2009)


2009


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Venkatraman RamakrishnanUnited States
+
India
+
United Kingdom
Studies of the structure and function of the ribosome
2Thomas A. SteitzUnited StatesStudies of the structure and function of the ribosome
3Ada E. YonathIsraelStudies of the structure and function of the ribosome

2008


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Osamu ShimomuraJapanDiscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
2Martin ChalfieUnited StatesDiscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP
3Roger Y. TsienUnited StatesDiscovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP

2007


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Gerhard ErtlGermanyStudies of chemical processes on solid surfaces

2006


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Roger D. KornbergUnited StatesStudies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription

2005


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Yves ChauvinFranceDevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
2Robert H. GrubbsUnited StatesDevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis
3Richard R. SchrockUnited StatesDevelopment of the metathesis method in organic synthesis

2004


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Aaron CiechanoverIsraelDiscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
2Avram HershkoIsraelDiscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
3Irwin RoseUnited StatesDiscovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation

2003


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Peter AgreUnited States1) Discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes
2) Discovery of water channels
2Roderick MacKinnonUnited States1) Discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes
2) Structural and mechanistic studies of ion channels

2002


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1John B. FennUnited States1) Development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules
2) Development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules
2Koichi TanakaJapan1) Development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules
2) Development of soft desorption ionisation methods for mass spectrometric analyses of biological macromolecules
3Kurt WüthrichSwitzerland1) Development of methods for identification and structure analyses of biological macromolecules
2) Development of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy for determining the three-dimensional structure of biological macromolecules in solution

2001


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1William S. KnowlesUnited StatesWork on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions
2Ryōji NoyoriJapanWork on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions
3K. Barry SharplessUnited StatesWork on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions

2000


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Alan J. HeegerUnited StatesDiscovery and development of conductive polymers
2Alan G. MacDiarmidUnited States
+
New Zealand
Discovery and development of conductive polymers
3Hideki ShirakawaJapanDiscovery and development of conductive polymers

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Nobel Prize Winners (1990-1999)


1999


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Ahmed ZewailUnited States
+
Egypt
Studies of the transition states of chemical reactions using femtosecond spectroscopy

1998


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Walter KohnUnited StatesDevelopment of the density-functional theory
2John A. PopleUnited KingdomDevelopment of computational methods in quantum chemistry

1997


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Paul D. BoyerUnited StatesElucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
2John E. WalkerUnited KingdomElucidation of the enzymatic mechanism underlying the synthesis of Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)
3Jens C. SkouDenmarkFirst discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+, K+ -ATPase

1996


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Robert F. Curl Jr.United StatesDiscovery of fullerenes
2Sir Harold W. KrotoUnited KingdomDiscovery of fullerenes
3Richard E. SmalleyUnited StatesDiscovery of fullerenes

1995


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Paul J. CrutzenNetherlandsWork in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone
2Mario J. MolinaMexicoWork in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone
3F. Sherwood RowlandUnited StatesWork in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone

1994


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1George A. OlahUnited States
+
Hungary
Contribution to carbocation chemistry

1993


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Kary B. MullisUnited States1) Contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-based chemistry
2) Invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method
2Michael SmithCanada1) Contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-based chemistry
2) Fundamental contributions to the establishment of oligonucleotide-based, site-directed mutagenesis and its development for protein studies

1992


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Rudolph A. MarcusUnited States
+
Canada
Contributions to the theory of electron transfer reactions in chemical systems

1991


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Richard R. ErnstSwitzerlandContributions to the development of the methodology of high resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy

1990


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Elias James CoreyUnited StatesDevelopment of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis

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Nobel Prize Winners (1980-1989)


1989


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Sidney AltmanCanada
+
United States
Discovery of catalytic properties of RNA
2Thomas CechUnited StatesDiscovery of catalytic properties of RNA

1988


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Johann DeisenhoferWest GermanyDetermination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre
2Robert HuberWest GermanyDetermination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre
3Hartmut MichelWest GermanyDetermination of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic reaction centre

1987


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Donald J. CramUnited StatesDevelopment and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity
2Jean-Marie LehnFranceDevelopment and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity
3Charles J. PedersenUnited StatesDevelopment and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity

1986


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Dudley R. HerschbachUnited StatesContributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes
2Yuan T. LeeUnited States
+
Taiwan
Contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes
3John C. PolanyiCanada
+
Hungary
Contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes

1985


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Herbert A. HauptmanUnited StatesOutstanding achievements in developing direct methods for the determination of crystal structures
2Jerome KarleUnited StatesOutstanding achievements in developing direct methods for the determination of crystal structures

1984


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Robert Bruce MerrifieldUnited StatesDevelopment of methodology for chemical synthesis on a solid matrix

1983


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Henry TaubeUnited StatesWork on the mechanisms of electron transfer reactions, especially in metal complexes

1982


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Aaron KlugUnited KingdomDevelopment of crystallographic electron microscopy and his structural elucidation of biologically important nucleic acid-protein complexes

1981


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Kenichi FukuiJapanTheories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions
2Roald HoffmannUnited States
+
Poland
Theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions

1980


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Paul BergUnited StatesFundamental studies of the biochemistry of nucleic acids, with particular regard to recombinant-DNA
2Walter GilbertUnited StatesContributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids
3Frederick SangerUnited KingdomContributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids

Nobel Prize Winners (1970-1979)


1979


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Herbert C. BrownUnited StatesDevelopment of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis
2Georg WittigWest GermanyDevelopment of the use of boron- and phosphorus-containing compounds, respectively, into important reagents in organic synthesis

1978


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Peter D. MitchellUnited KingdomContribution to the understanding of biological energy transfer through the formulation of the chemiosmotic theory

1977


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Ilya PrigogineBelgiumContributions to non-equilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theory of dissipative structures

1976


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1William N. LipscombUnited StatesStudies on the structure of boranes illuminating problems of chemical bonding

1975


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1John Warcup CornforthAustralia
+
United Kingdom
Work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions
2Vladimir PrelogYugoslavia
+
Switzerland
Research into the stereochemistry of organic molecules and reactions

1974


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Paul J. FloryUnited StatesFundamental work, both theoretical and experimental, in the physical chemistry of macromolecules

1973


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Ernst Otto FischerWest GermanyPioneering work, performed independently, on the chemistry of the organometallic, so-called sandwich compounds
2Geoffrey WilkinsonUnited KingdomPioneering work, performed independently, on the chemistry of the organometallic, so-called sandwich compounds

1972


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Christian B. AnfinsenUnited StatesWork on ribonuclease, especially concerning the connection between the amino acid sequence and the biologically active conformation
2Stanford MooreUnited StatesContribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule
3William H. SteinUnited StatesContribution to the understanding of the connection between chemical structure and catalytic activity of the active centre of the ribonuclease molecule

1971


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Gerhard HerzbergCanada
+
West Germany
Contributions to the knowledge of electronic structure and geometry of molecules, particularly free radicals

1970


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Luis F. LeloirArgentinaDiscovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in the biosynthesis of carbohydrates

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Nobel Prize Winners (1960-1969)


1969


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Derek H. R. BartonUnited KingdomContributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry
2Odd HasselNorwayContributions to the development of the concept of conformation and its application in chemistry

1968


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Lars OnsagerUnited States
+
Norway
Discovery of the reciprocal relations bearing his name, which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes

1967


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Manfred EigenWest GermanyStudies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equilibrium by means of very short pulses of energy
2Ronald George Wreyford NorrishUnited KingdomStudies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equilibrium by means of very short pulses of energy
3George PorterUnited KingdomStudies of extremely fast chemical reactions, effected by disturbing the equilibrium by means of very short pulses of energy

1966


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Robert S. MullikenUnited StatesFundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital method

1965


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Robert Burns WoodwardUnited StatesOutstanding achievements in the art of organic synthesis

1964


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Dorothy Crowfoot HodgkinUnited KingdomDeterminations by X-ray techniques of the structures of important biochemical substances

1963


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Karl ZieglerWest GermanyDiscoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers
2Giulio NattaItalyDiscoveries in the field of the chemistry and technology of high polymers

1962


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Max Ferdinand PerutzUnited KingdomStudies of the structures of globular proteins
2John Cowdery KendrewUnited KingdomStudies of the structures of globular proteins

1961


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Melvin CalvinUnited StatesResearch on the carbon dioxide assimilation in plants

1960


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Willard Frank LibbyUnited StatesMethod to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science

Nobel Prize Winners (1950-1959)


1959


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Jaroslav HeyrovskýCzechoslovakiaDiscovery and development of the polarographic methods of analysis

1958


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Frederick SangerUnited KingdomWork on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin

1957


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Lord (Alexander R.) ToddUnited KingdomWork on nucleotides and nucleotide co-enzymes

1956


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Sir Cyril Norman HinshelwoodUnited KingdomResearches into the mechanism of chemical reactions
2Nikolay Nikolaevich SemenovSoviet UnionResearches into the mechanism of chemical reactions

1955


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Vincent du VigneaudUnited StatesWork on biochemically important sulphur compounds, especially for the first synthesis of a polypeptide hormone

1954


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Linus PaulingUnited StatesResearch into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances

1953


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Hermann StaudingerWest GermanyDiscoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry

1952


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Archer John Porter MartinUnited KingdomThe invention of partition chromatography
2Richard Laurence Millington SyngeUnited KingdomThe invention of partition chromatography

1951


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Edwin Mattison McMillanUnited StatesDiscoveries in the chemistry of transuranium elements
2Glenn Theodore SeaborgUnited StatesDiscoveries in the chemistry of transuranium elements

1950


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Otto Paul Hermann DielsWest GermanyDiscovery and development of the diene synthesis
2Kurt AlderWest GermanyDiscovery and development of the diene synthesis

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Nobel Prize Winners (1940-1949)


1949


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1William Francis GiauqueUnited StatesContributions in the field of chemical thermodynamics, particularly concerning the behaviour of substances at extremely low temperatures

1948


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Arne Wilhelm Kaurin TiseliusSwedenResearch on electrophoresis and adsorption analysis, especially for his discoveries concerning the complex nature of the serum proteins

1947


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Sir Robert RobinsonUnited KingdomInvestigations on plant products of biological importance, especially the alkaloids

1946


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1James Batcheller SumnerUnited StatesDiscovery that enzymes can be crystallized
2John Howard NorthropUnited StatesPreparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form
3Wendell Meredith StanleyUnited StatesPreparation of enzymes and virus proteins in a pure form

1945


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Artturi Ilmari VirtanenFinlandResearch and inventions in agricultural and nutrition chemistry, especially for his fodder preservation method

1944


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Otto HahnGermanyDiscovery of the fission of heavy nuclei

1943


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1George de HevesyHungaryWork on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes

Nobel Prize Winners (1930-1939)


1939


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Adolf Friedrich Johann ButenandtGermanyWork on sex hormones
2Leopold RuzickaKingdom of Yugoslavia
+
Switzerland
Work on polymethylenes and higher terpenes

1938


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Richard KuhnGermanyWork on carotenoids and vitamins

1937


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Walter Norman HaworthUnited KingdomInvestigations on carbohydrates and vitamin C
2Paul KarrerSwitzerlandInvestigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2

1936


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Peter DebyeNetherlandsMolecular structure through his investigations on dipole moments and the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases

1935


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Frédéric JoliotFranceSynthesis of new radioactive elements
2Irène Joliot-CurieFranceSynthesis of new radioactive elements

1934


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Harold Clayton UreyUnited StatesDiscovery of heavy hydrogen

1932


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Irving LangmuirUnited StatesDiscoveries and investigations in surface chemistry

1931


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Carl BoschGermanyContributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods
2Friedrich BergiusGermanyContributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods

1930


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Hans FischerGermanyResearches into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of haemin

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Nobel Prize Winners (1920-1929)


1929


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Arthur HardenUnited KingdomInvestigations on the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes
2Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-ChelpinSweden
+
Germany
Investigations on the fermentation of sugar and fermentative enzymes

1928


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Adolf Otto Reinhold WindausGermanyResearch into the constitution of the sterols and their connection with the vitamins

1927


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Heinrich Otto WielandGermanyInvestigations of the constitution of the bile acids and related substances

1926


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1The (Theodor) SvedbergSwedenWork on disperse systems

1925


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Richard Adolf ZsigmondyGermany
+
Hungary
Demonstration of the heterogeneous nature of colloid solutions and for the methods he used

1923


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Fritz PreglAustria
+
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Invention of the method of micro-analysis of organic substances

1922


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Francis William AstonUnited KingdomDiscovery, by means of his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a large number of non-radioactive elements, and for his enunciation of the whole-number rule

1921


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Frederick SoddyUnited KingdomContributions to our knowledge of the chemistry of radioactive substances, and his investigations into the origin and nature of isotopes

1920


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Walther Hermann NernstGermanyWork in thermochemistry

Nobel Prize Winners (1910-1919)


1918


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Fritz HaberGermanySynthesis of ammonia from its elements

1915


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Richard Martin WillstätterGermanyResearches on plant pigments, especially chlorophyll

1914


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Theodore William RichardsUnited StatesHis accurate determinations of the atomic weight of a large number of chemical elements

1913


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Alfred WernerSwitzerlandWork on the linkage of atoms in molecules especially in inorganic chemistry

1912


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Victor GrignardFranceDiscovery of the Grignard reagent
2Paul SabatierFranceHis method of hydrogenating organic compounds in the presence of finely disintegrated metals

1911


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Maria Skłodowska-CuriePoland
+
France
Discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element

1910


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Otto WallachGermanyHis services to organic chemistry and the chemical industry by his pioneer work in the field of alicyclic compounds

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Nobel Prize Winners (1900-1909)


1909


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Wilhelm OstwaldGermanyWork on catalysis and for his investigations into the fundamental principles governing chemical equilibria and rates of reaction

1908


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Ernest RutherfordUnited Kingdom
+
New Zealand
Investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances

1907


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Eduard BuchnerGermanyBiochemical researches and his discovery of cell-free fermentation

1906


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Henri MoissanFranceInvestigation and isolation of the element fluorine, and for [the] electric furnace called after him

1905


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Adolf von BaeyerGermanyAdvancement of organic chemistry and the chemical industry, through his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds

1904


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Sir William RamsayUnited KingdomDiscovery of the inert gaseous elements in air, and his determination of their place in the periodic system

1903


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Svante August ArrheniusSwedenElectrolytic theory of dissociation

1902


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Hermann Emil FischerGermanyWork on sugar and purine syntheses

1901


No.RecipientCitizenshipReason
1Jacobus Henricus van ‘t HoffNetherlandsDiscovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions
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