List Of All Nobel Prize Winners In Literature (2021 Updated)

Nobel Prize In Literature

Last Updated: 20 October 2021

Did you know that Nobel Prize Award name was taken from Alfred Nobel’s Surname? Yes, you heard it right! Before we get into the list of Nobel Prize in Literature, let’s have a quick intro about this Award.

The Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded every year by the Swedish Academy to authors for outstanding contributions in the field of literature.

Nobel Prize in Literature is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel who died in 1896, awarded for outstanding contributions in Chemistry, Physics, Literature, Peace, & Physiology or Medicine. As dictated by Nobel’s will, the award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and awarded by the Swedish Academy.

The Award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death. Each recipient receives a Gold Medal, a Diploma bearing Citation, and a Monetary Award Prize that has varied throughout the years.

Nobel Laureates By Country


No.#CountryLaurates
1France15
2United States13
3United Kingdom11
4Germany9
5Sweden8
6Poland6
7Spain6
8Italy6
9Ireland4
10Russia/USSR4
11Denmark3
12Norway3
13Austria2
14Chile2
15Greece2
16Japan2
17South Africa2
18Switzerland2
19Australia1
20Belarus1
21Belgium1
22Bulgaria1
23Canada1
24China1
25Colombia1
26Czechoslovakia1
27Egypt1
28Finland1
29Guatemala1
30Hungary1
31Iceland1
32India1
33Israel1
34Mauritius1
35Mexico1
36Nigeria1
37Peru1
38Portugal1
39Romania1
40Saint Lucia1
41Tanzania1
42Turkey1
43Yugoslavia1
44XStateless1

Interesting Facts About Nobel Prize Winners In Literature


  • The Nobel Prize Medals in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, And Physiology or Medicine are identical on the face. It shows the image of Alfred Nobel and the years of his birth and death (1833-1896).
  • The first Nobel Prize in Literature was awarded in 1901 to Sully Prudhomme of France.
  • A total of 118 Nobel Awards have been awarded in Literature between 1901 and 2021. Out of 118 Laureates, 102 are Males and 16 are Females.
  • English (29) is the only language where Nobel Prize in Literature has been awarded the most while French (15) is the second and German (14) is the third.
  • Rabindranath Tagore (Nobel Prize in Literature 1913) wrote in Bengali and English, Samuel Beckett (Nobel Prize in Literature 1969) wrote in French and English, and Joseph Brodsky (Nobel Prize in Literature 1987) wrote poetry in Russian and prose in English. These three Nobel laureates have been sorted under Bengali, French, and Russian.
  • Karl Adolph Gjellerup (Nobel Prize in Literature 1917) wrote in Danish and German.
  • In 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature had been awarded to two recipients, since then two recipients together in a single year were awarded again in 1917.
  • The youngest laureate to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature was Rudyard Kipling, who was 41 years old when he was awarded in 1907. The oldest laureate to receive the prize was Doris Lessing, who was 88 when she was awarded in 2007.
  • Russian-born Boris Pasternak received the award in 1958 but was forced to publicly reject the award under pressure from the government of the Soviet Union.
  • Sixteen women have won the Nobel Prize in Literature, the second-highest number of any of the Nobel Prizes behind the Nobel Peace Prize.
  • There have been four instances in which the award was given to two people (1904, 1917, 1966, 1974) while there have been seven years in which the Nobel Prize in Literature was not awarded (1914, 1918, 1935, 1940–1943).

Here is the list of Nobel Prize Winners In Literature from 1901 to 2021.

Nobel Prize Winners (2020-2029)


2021


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Abdulrazak GurnahTanzania
+
United Kingdom
EnglishNovelUncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents

2020


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Louise GlückUnited StatesEnglishPoetry, EssayHer unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal

Related: List Of All Nobel Prize Winners In Chemistry (2021 Updated)


Nobel Prize Winners (2010-2019)


2019


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Peter HandkeAustriaGermanNovel, Short Story, Drama,
Translation, Screenplay
An influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience

2018


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Olga TokarczukPolandPolishNovel, Short Story, Poetry, Essay, ScreenplayA narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life

2017


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Kazuo IshiguroUnited KingdomEnglishNovel, Screenplay, Short storyWho, in novels of great emotional force, has uncovered the abyss beneath our illusory sense of connection with the world

2016


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Bob DylanUnited StatesEnglishPoetry, SongwritingHaving created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition

2015


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Svetlana AlexievichBelarusRussianHistory, EssayPolyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time

2014


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Patrick ModianoFranceFrenchNovel, ScreenplayArt of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation

2013


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Alice MunroCanadaEnglishShort StoryMaster of the contemporary short story

2012


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Mo YanChinaChineseNovel, Short StoryWho with hallucinatory realism merges folk tales, history, and the contemporary

2011


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Tomas TranströmerSwedenSwedishPoetry, TranslationThrough his condensed, translucent images, he gives us fresh access to reality

2010


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Mario Vargas LlosaPeru
+
Spain
SpanishNovel, Short Story, Essay, Drama, Memoirscartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual’s resistance, revolt, and defeat

Related: List Of All Nobel Prize Winners In Physics (2021 Updated)


Nobel Prize Winners (2000-2009)


2009


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Herta MüllerGermanyGermanNovel, Short Story, Poetry, EssayWho, with the concentration of poetry and the frankness of prose, depicts the landscape of the dispossessed

2008


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Jean-Marie Gustave Le ClézioFrance
+
Mauritius
FrenchNovel, Short Story, Essay, TranslationAuthor of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization

2007


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Doris LessingUnited Kingdom
+
Zimbabwe
EnglishNovel, Drama, Poetry, Short Story, Memoirs, AutobiographyEpicist of the female experience, who with scepticism, fire, and visionary power has subjected a divided civilisation to scrutiny

2006


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Orhan PamukTurkeyTurkishNovel, Screenplay, Autobiography, EssayWho in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures

2005


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Harold PinterUnited KingdomEnglishDrama, ScreenplayWho in his plays uncovers the precipice under everyday prattle and forces entry into oppression’s closed rooms

2004


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Elfriede JelinekAustriaGermanNovel, DramaHer musical flow of voices and counter-voices in novels and plays that with extraordinary linguistic zeal reveal the absurdity of society’s clichés and their subjugating power

2003


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
John Maxwell CoetzeeAustralia
+
South Africa
EnglishNovel, Essay, TranslationWho in innumerable guises portrays the surprising involvement of the outsider

2002


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Imre KertészHungaryHungarianNovelWriting that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history

2001


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Vidiadhar Surajprasad NaipaulUnited KingdomEnglishNovel, EssayHaving united perceptive narrative and incorruptible scrutiny in works that compel us to see the presence of suppressed histories

2000


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Gao XingjianFrance
+
China
(1940–1998)
ChineseNovel, Drama, Literary CriticismAn oeuvre of universal validity, bitter insights, and linguistic ingenuity, which has opened new paths for the Chinese novel and drama

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Nobel Prize Winners (1990-1999)


1999


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Günter GrassGermanyGermanNovel, Drama, PoetryWhose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history

1998


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
José SaramagoPortugalPortugueseNovel, Drama, PoetryWho with parables sustained by imagination, compassion, and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality

1997


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Dario FoItalyItalianDrama, SongwritingWho emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scourging authority and upholding the dignity of the downtrodden

1996


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Wisława SzymborskaPolandPolishPoetry, Essay, TranslationPoetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality

1995


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Seamus HeaneyIrelandEnglishPoetry, Drama, TranslationWorks of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past

1994


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Kenzaburō ŌeJapanJapaneseNovel, Short Story, EssayWho with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today

1993


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Toni MorrisonUnited StatesEnglishNovelWho in novels characterized by visionary force and poetic import, gives life to an essential aspect of American reality

1992


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Derek WalcottSaint LuciaEnglishPoetry, DramaA poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustained by a historical vision, the outcome of a multicultural commitment

1991


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Nadine GordimerSouth AfricaEnglishNovel, Short Story, Essay, DramaWho through her magnificent epic writing has – in the words of Alfred Nobel – been of very great benefit to humanity

1990


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Octavio PazMexicoSpanishPoetry, EssayImpassioned writing with wide horizons, characterized by sensuous intelligence and humanistic integrity

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Nobel Prize Winners (1980-1989)


1989


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Camilo José CelaSpainSpanishNovel, Short Story, Essay, PoetryRich and intensive prose, which with restrained compassion forms a challenging vision of man’s vulnerability

1988


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Naguib MahfouzEgyptArabicNovel, Short StoryWho, through works rich in nuance – now clear-sightedly realistic, now evocatively ambiguous – has formed an Arabian narrative art that applies to all mankind

1987


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Joseph BrodskyUnited StatesRussian, EnglishPoetry, EssayAn all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity

1986


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Wole SoyinkaNigeriaEnglishWho in a wide cultural perspective and with poetic overtones fashions the drama of existenceDrama, Novel, Poetry, Screenplay

1985


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Claude SimonFranceFrenchNovel, Literary CriticismWho in his novel combines the poet’s and the painter’s creativeness with a deepened awareness of time in the depiction of the human condition

1984


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Jaroslav SeifertCzechoslovakiaCzechPoetryHis poetry, which is endowed with freshness, and rich inventiveness provides a liberating image of the indomitable spirit and versatility of man

1983


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
William GoldingUnited KingdomEnglishNovel, Poetry, DramaHis novels, which with the perspicuity of realistic narrative art and the diversity and universality of myth, illuminate the human condition in the world of today

1982


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Gabriel García MárquezColombiaSpanishNovel, Short Story, ScreenplayHis novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent’s life and conflicts

1981


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Elias CanettiUnited KingdomGermanNovel, Drama, Memoirs, EssayWritings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth of ideas, and artistic power

1980


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Czesław MiłoszPolandPolishPoetry, EssayWho with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man’s exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts

Related: List Of Padma Bhushan Award Recipients (1954-2021)


Nobel Prize Winners (1970-1979)


1979


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Odysseas ElytisGreeceGreekPoetry, EssayFor his poetry, which, against the background of Greek tradition, depicts with sensuous strength and intellectual clear-sightedness modern man’s struggle for freedom and creativeness

1978


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Isaac Bashevis SingerUnited States
+
Poland
YiddishNovel, Short Story, MemoirsHis impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life

1977


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Vicente AleixandreSpainSpanishPoetryA creative poetic writing, which illuminates man’s condition in the cosmos and in present-day society, at the same time representing the great renewal of the traditions of Spanish poetry between the wars

1976


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Saul BellowUnited StatesEnglishNovel, Short Story Human understanding and subtle analysis of contemporary culture that are combined in his work

1975


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Eugenio MontaleItalyItalianPoetryHis distinctive poetry, which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions

1974


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Eyvind JohnsonSwedenSwedishNovelA narrative art, farseeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom
Harry MartinsonSwedenSwedishPoetry, Novel, DramaWritings that catch the dewdrop and reflect the cosmos

1973


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Patrick WhiteAustraliaEnglishNovel, Short Story, DramaAn epic and psychological narrative art, which has introduced a new continent into literature

1972


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Heinrich BöllWest GermanyGermanNovel, Short StoryHis writing, which through its combination of a broad perspective on his time and a sensitive skill in characterization has contributed to a renewal of German literature

1971


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Pablo NerudaChileSpanishPoetryPoetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent’s destiny and dreams

1970


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Aleksandr SolzhenitsynSoviet UnionRussianNovelThe ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature

Related: List Of Padma Shri Award Recipients (1954-2021)


Nobel Prize Winners (1960-1969)


1969


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Samuel BeckettIrelandFrench, EnglishNovel, Drama, PoetryHis writing, which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation

1968


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Yasunari KawabataJapanJapaneseNovel, Short StoryHis narrative mastery, which with great sensibility expresses the essence of the Japanese mind

1967


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Miguel Ángel AsturiasGuatemalaSpanishNovel, PoetryHis vivid literary achievement, deep-rooted in the national traits and traditions of Indian peoples of Latin America

1966


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Shmuel Yosef AgnonIsraelHebrewNovel, Short StoryHis profoundly characteristic narrative art with motifs from the life of the Jewish people
Nelly SachsGermany
+
Sweden
GermanPoetry, DramaHer outstanding lyrical and dramatic writing, which interprets Israel’s destiny with touching strength

1965


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Mikhail SholokhovSoviet UnionRussianNovelThe artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people

1964


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Jean-Paul SartreFranceFrenchNovel, Short Story, Philosophy, Drama, Literary Criticism, ScreenplayHis work, which is rich in ideas and filled with the spirit of freedom and the quest for truth, has exerted a far-reaching influence on our age

1963


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Giorgos SeferisGreeceGreekPoetry, Essay, MemoirsHis eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a deep feeling for the Hellenic world of culture

1962


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
John SteinbeckUnited StatesEnglishNovel, Short Story, ScreenplayHis realistic and imaginative writings, combining as they do sympathetic humour and keen social perception

1961


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Ivo AndrićYugoslaviaSerbianNovel, Short StoryThe epic force with which he has traced themes and depicted human destinies drawn from the history of his country

1960


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Saint-John PerseFranceFrenchPoetryThe soaring flight and the evocative imagery of his poetry, which in a visionary fashion reflects the conditions of our time

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Nobel Prize Winners (1950-1959)


1959


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Salvatore QuasimodoItalyItalianPoetryHis lyrical poetry, which with classical fire expresses the tragic experience of life in our own times

1958


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Boris PasternakSoviet UnionRussianNovel, Poetry, TranslationHis important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition

1957


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Albert CamusFranceFrenchNovel, Short Story, Drama, Philosophy, EssayHis important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times

1956


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Juan Ramón JiménezSpainSpanishPoetryHis lyrical poetry, which in the Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity

1955


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Halldór LaxnessIcelandIcelandicNovel, Short Story, Drama, PoetryHis vivid epic power, which has renewed the great narrative art of Iceland

1954


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Ernest HemingwayUnited StatesEnglishNovel, Short Story, ScreenplayHis mastery of the art of narrative most recently demonstrated in “The Old Man and the Sea”, and for the influence that he has exerted on contemporary style

1953


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Winston ChurchillUnited KingdomEnglishHistory, Essay, MemoirsHis mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values

1952


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
François MauriacFranceFrenchNovel, Short StoryThe deep spiritual insight and the artistic intensity with which he has in his novels penetrated the drama of human life

1951


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Pär LagerkvistSwedenSwedishPoetry, Novel, Short Story, DramaThe artistic vigour and true independence of mind with which he endeavours in his poetry to find answers to the eternal questions confronting mankind

1950


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Bertrand RussellUnited KingdomEnglishPhilosophyIn recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought

Related: List Of Padma Vibhushan Award Recipients (1954-2021)


Nobel Prize Winners (1940-1949)


1949


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
William FaulknerUnited StatesEnglishNovel, Short StoryHis powerful and artistically unique contribution to the modern American novel

1948


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Thomas Stearns EliotUnited KingdomEnglishPoetryFor his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry

1947


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
André GideFranceFrenchNovel, EssayComprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight

1946


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Hermann HesseGermany
+
Switzerland
GermanNovel, PoetryHis inspired writings, which while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style

1945


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Gabriela MistralChileSpanishPoetryHer lyric poetry, which inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world

1944


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Johannes Vilhelm JensenDenmarkDanishNovel, Short StoryRare strength and fertility of his poetic imagination with which is combined an intellectual curiosity of wide scope and a bold, freshly creative style

Related: List Of Arjuna Award Recipients (1961–2021)


Nobel Prize Winners (1930-1939)


1939


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Frans Eemil SillanpääFinlandFinnishNovelDeep understanding of his country’s peasantry and the exquisite art with which he has portrayed their way of life and their relationship with Nature

1938


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Pearl BuckUnited StatesEnglishNovel, BiographyHer rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant life in China and for her biographical masterpieces

1937


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Roger Martin du GardFranceFrenchNovelThe artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel cycle Les Thibault

1936


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Eugene O’NeillUnited StatesEnglishDramaThe power, honesty, and deep-felt emotions of his dramatic works, which embody an original concept of tragedy

1934


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Luigi PirandelloItalyItalianDrama, Novel, Short StoryHis bold and ingenious revival of dramatic and scenic art

1933


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Ivan BuninStateless
(Born in Russian Empire)
RussianShort Story, Poetry, NovelThe strict artistry with which he has carried on the classical Russian traditions in prose writing

1932


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
John GalsworthyUnited KingdomEnglishNovelHis distinguished art of narration, which takes its highest form in The Forsyte Saga

1931


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Erik Axel KarlfeldtSwedenSwedishPoetryThe poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt

1930


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Sinclair LewisUnited StatesEnglishNovel, Short Story, DramaHis vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humour, new types of characters

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Nobel Prize Winners (1920-1929)


1929


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Thomas MannGermanyGermanNovel, Short Story, EssayPrincipally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, which has won steadily increased recognition as one of the classic works of contemporary literature

1928


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Sigrid UndsetNorway
+
Denmark
Norwegian, DanishNovelPrincipally for her powerful descriptions of Northern life during the Middle Ages

1927


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Henri BergsonFranceFrenchPhilosophyRecognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and the brilliant skill with which they have been presented

1926


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Grazia DeleddaItalyItalianPoetry, NovelHer idealistically inspired writings, which with plastic clarity picture the life on her native island and with depth and sympathy deal with human problems in general

1925


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
George Bernard ShawUK
+
Ireland
EnglishDrama, Literary CriticismHis work which is marked by both idealism and humanity, its stimulating satire often being infused with a singular poetic beauty

1924


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Władysław ReymontPolandPolishNovelHis great national epic, The Peasants

1923


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
William Butler YeatsIrelandEnglishPoetryAlways inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation

1922


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Jacinto BenaventeSpainSpanishDramaThe happy manner in which he has continued the illustrious traditions of the Spanish drama

1921


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Anatole FranceFranceFrenchNovel, PoetryRecognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament

1920


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Knut HamsunNorwayNorwegianNovelHis monumental work, Growth of the Soil

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Nobel Prize Winners (1910-1919)


1919


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Carl SpittelerSwitzerlandGermanPoetrySpecial appreciation of his epic, Olympian Spring

1917


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Karl Adolph GjellerupDenmarkDanish, GermanPoetryHis varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals
Henrik PontoppidanDenmarkDanishNovelHis authentic descriptions of present-day life in Denmark

1916


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Verner von HeidenstamSwedenSwedishPoetry, NovelRecognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature

1915


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Romain RollandFranceFrenchNovelAs a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary production and to the sympathy and love of truth with which he has described different types of human beings

1913


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Rabindranath TagoreIndiaBengali, EnglishPoetry, Novel, Drama, Short Story, Music, Essay, Philosophy, Literary Criticism, TranslationBecause of his profoundly sensitive, fresh, and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West

1912


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Gerhart HauptmannGermanyGermanDrama, NovelPrimarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied, and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art

1911


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Maurice MaeterlinckBelgiumFrenchDrama, Poetry, EssayAppreciation of his many-sided literary activities, and especially of his dramatic works, which are distinguished by a wealth of imagination and by a poetic fancy, which reveals, sometimes in the guise of a fairy tale, a deep inspiration, while in a mysterious way they appeal to the readers’ own feelings and stimulate their imaginations

1910


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Paul von HeyseGermanyGermanPoetry, Drama, Novel, Short StoryAs a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated with idealism, which he has demonstrated during his long productive career as a lyric poet, dramatist, novelist, and writer of world-renowned short stories

Related: List Of Important World International Days (2021 Updated)


Nobel Prize Winners (1901-1909)


1909


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Selma LagerlöfSwedenSwedishNovel, Short StoryAppreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imagination, and spiritual perception that characterize her writings

1908


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Rudolf Christoph EuckenGermanyGermanPhilosophyRecognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life

1907


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Rudyard KiplingUnited KingdomEnglishNovel, Short Story, PoetryConsideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas, and remarkable talent for narration that characterize the creations of this world-famous author”

1906


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Giosuè CarducciItalyItalianPoetryNot only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical force which characterize his poetic masterpieces

1905


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Henryk SienkiewiczPolandPolishNovelBecause of his outstanding merits as an epic writer

1904


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Frédéric MistralFranceProvençalPoetry, PhilologyRecognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist
José EchegaraySpainSpanishDramaRecognition of the numerous and brilliant compositions which, in an individual and original manner, have revived the great traditions of the Spanish drama

1903


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Bjørnstjerne BjørnsonNorwayNorwegianPoetry, Novel, DramaA tribute to his noble, magnificent and versatile poetry, which has always been distinguished by both the freshness of its inspiration and the rare purity of its spirit

1902


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Theodor MommsenGermanyGermanHistory, LawGreatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work A History of Rome

1901


RecipientCitizenshipLanguageGenreCitation
Sully PrudhommeFranceFrenchPoetry, EssaySpecial recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection, and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart and intellect
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